OHCHR plays a major role in encouraging and assisting the creation of independent national human rights institutions, such as a human rights commission, to help realize human rights in each country. The purpose of such bodies is to advise Governments and parliaments on international human rights obligations and on human rights protection needs in the country.
All national institutions have the role of promoting awareness of human rights and many have responsibility for receiving complaints from individuals about violations of their rights. The Office can offer best practice advice based on its extensive experience in helping to establish national institutions. The Office provides guidance and practical training based on United Nations standards to ensure that national institutions are genuinely independent and effective.