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Rules of Procedure of the Functional Commissions of the Economic and Social Council
XI. VOTING AND ELECTIONS
Voting rights
Rule 56

Each member of the commission shall have one vote.

Request for a vote
Rule 57

A proposal or motion before the commission for decision shall be voted upon if any member so requests. When no member requests a vote, the commission may adopt proposals or motions without a vote.

Majority required
Rule 58

1. Except as provided in rule 5(4) (ii), decisions of the commission shall be made by a majority of the members present and voting.

2. For the purpose of these rules, the phrase "members present and voting" means members casting an affirmative or negative vote. Members which abstain from voting are considered as not voting.

Method of voting
Rule 59

1. Except as provided in rule 66, the commission shall normally vote by show of hands, except that a representative may request a roll-call which shall be taken in the English alphabetical order of the names of the States represented on the commission, beginning with the State whose name is drawn by lot by the Chairman. The name of each member shall be called in all roll-calls, and its representative shall reply "yes", "no" or "abstention".

2. The vote of each member participating in any roll-call shall be inserted in the record.

Explanation of vote
Rule 60

Representatives may make brief statements consisting solely of explanation of their votes, before the voting has commenced or after the voting has been completed. The representative of a member sponsoring a proposal or motion shall not speak in explanation of vote thereon, except if it has been amended.

Conduct during voting
Rule 61

After the Chairman has announced the commencement of voting, no representative may interrupt the voting except on a point of order in connection with the actual process of voting.

Division of proposals and amendments
Rule 62

Parts of a proposal or an amendment shall be voted on separately if a representative requests that the proposal be divided. Those parts of the proposal or the amendment which have been approved shall then be put to the vote as a whole; if all the operative parts of a proposal or an amendment have been rejected, the proposal or amendment shall be considered to have been rejected as a whole.

Amendments
Rule 63

An amendment is a proposal that does no more than add to, delete from or revise part of another proposal.

Order of voting on amendments
Rule 64

When an amendment is moved to a proposal, the amendment shall be voted on first. When two or more amendments are moved to a proposal. the amendment furthest removed in substance from the original proposal shall be voted on first and then the amendment next furthest removed therefrom and so on until all the amendments have been put to the vote. Where, however, the adoption of one amendment necessarily implies the rejection of another amendment. the latter shall not be put to the vote. If one or more amendments are adopted, the amended proposal shall then be voted on.

Order of voting on proposals
Rule 65

1. If two or more proposals, other than amendments, relate to the same question, they shall, unless the commission decides otherwise, be voted on in the order in which they were submitted. The commission may, after each vote on a proposal, decide whether to vote on the next proposal.

2. A motion requiring that no decision be taken an a proposal shall have priority over that proposal.

Elections
Rule 66

All elections shall be held by secret ballot. unless, in the absence of any objection, the commission decides to proceed without taking a ballot on an agreed candidate or state.

Rule 67

1. When one or more elective places are to be filled at one time under the same conditions, those candidates, in a number not exceeding the number of such places, obtaining in the first ballot a majority of the votes cast and the largest number of votes, shall be elected.

2. If the number of candidates obtaining such majority is less than the number of places to be filled, additional ballots shall be held to fill the remaining places.

Equally divided votes
Rule 68

If a vote is equally divided on a matter other than an election, the proposal or motion shall be regarded as rejected.

XII. PARTICIPATION OF NON-MEMBERS OF THE COMMISSION
Participation of non-Member States
Rule 69

1. The commission shall invite any Member of the United Nations that is not a member of the commission, and any other State(6) to participate in its deliberations on any matter of particular concern to that State.

2. A subsidiary organ of the commission shall invite any State(6) that is not one of its own members(7) to participate in its deliberations on any matter of particular concern to that State.

3. A State thus invited shall not have the right to vote. but may submit proposals which may be put to the vote on request of any member of the commission or of the subsidiary organ concerned.

Participation of national liberation movements
Rule 70

The commission may invite any national liberation movement recognized by or in accordance with resolutions of the General Assembly to participate, without the right to vote, in its deliberations on any matter of particular concern to that movement.

Participation of and consultation with specialized agencies(8)
Rule 71

In accordance with the agreements concluded between the United Nations and the specialized agencies, the specialized agencies shall be entitled:

(a) To be represented at meetings of the commission and its subsidiary organs;

(b) To participate, without the right to vote, through their representatives, in deliberations with respect to items of concern to them and to submit proposals regarding such items, which may be put to the vote at the request of any member of the commission or of the subsidiary organ concerned.

Rule 72

Before the Secretary-General places an item proposed by a specialized agency on the provisional agenda, he shall carry out with the agency concerned such preliminary consultation as may be necessary.

Rule 73

1. Where an item proposed for inclusion in the provisional agenda for a session or added to the agenda under rule 5 contains a proposal for new activities to be undertaken by the United Nations relating to matters that are of direct concern to one or more specialized agencies, the Secretary-General shall enter into consultation with the agencies concerned and report to the commission on the means of achieving a coordinated use of the resources or the respective agencies.

2. When in the course of a meeting of the commission a proposal for new activities to be undertaken by the United Nations relates to matters that are of' direct concern to one or more specialized agencies, the Secretary-General shall, after such consultation as may be possible with the representatives of the agencies concerned. draw the attention of the commission to the implications of the proposal.

3. Before deciding on proposals referred to above, the commission shall satisfy itself that adequate consultations have taken place with the agencies concerned.

Participation of other intergovernmental organizations
Rule 74

Representatives of intergovernmental organizations accorded permanent observer status by the General Assembly and of other intergovernmental organizations designated on a continuing basis by the Council or invited by the commission may participate, without the right to vote, in the deliberations of the commission on questions within the scope of' the activities of' the organizations.

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