Committee on the Rights of the Child
Monitoring children's rights
The Committee on the Rights of the Child (CRC) is the body of independent experts that monitors implementation of the Convention on the Rights of the Child by its State parties. It also monitors implementation of two optional protocols to the Convention, on involvement of children in armed conflict and on sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography. On 19 December 2011, the UN General Assembly approved a third optional protocol on a Communications Procedure, which will allow individual children to submit complaints regarding specific violations of their rights under the Convention and its first two optional protocols. The Protocol opens for signature in 2012 and will enter into force upon ratification by 10 UN Member States.
All States parties are obliged to submit regular reports to the Committee on how the rights are being implemented. States must report initially two years after acceding to the Convention and then every five years. The Committee examines each report and addresses its concerns and recommendations to the State party in the form of “concluding observations”.
The Committee reviews additional reports which must be submitted by States who have acceded to the two Optional Protocols to the Convention.
The Committee will soon be able to consider individual complaints by children. In the meantime, violations of child rights may be raised before other committees with competence to consider individual complaints.
The Committee meets in Geneva and normally holds three sessions per year consisting of a three-week plenary and a one-week pre-sessional working group. In 2010, the Committee considered reports in two parallel chambers of 9 members each, "as an exceptional and temporary measure", in order to clear the backlog of reports.
The Committee also publishes its interpretation of the content of human rights provisions, known as general comments on thematic issues and organizes days of general discussion.
For more information about the work of the Committee on the Rights of the Child, click here.
Celebration of the 20th Anniversary of the Adoption
of the Convention on the Rights of the Child
The 20 November 2009 marked the 20th anniversary of the adoption of the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) by the United Nations General Assembly. To celebrate the anniversary, the Committee of the Rights of the Child and the Office of the High Commissioner (OHCHR) and other partners organized a two-day celebration in Geneva.
The Convention on the Rights
of the Child Reaches Majority
This booklet is a present offered to Miss Convention on the
occasion of the attainment of her age of majority. It is also as a
tribute to all persons who have worked and are continuing to
strive to enforce children’s rights. It is offered by: Institut international des droits de l’enfant and the Office of the High Commissioner of Human Rights.
Download the publication (PDF - 3.5MB)