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Crosscutting themes

Special Procedures

Indigenous Peoples

Special Rapporteur on adequate housing

Forced evictions of indigenous peoples

Expansion of environmentally hazardous activities in indigenous inhabited

Denial of ownership and land rights of indigenous peoples

Discrimination against indigenous women in housing, land and property matters.

Discrimination against indigenous communities

Working group on arbitrary detention

Overrepresentation of indigenous peoples in prison population

Use of anti-terror legislations to prosecute and try indigenous leaders in cases concerning conflicts with Governments over land use

Special Rapporteur on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography

Vulnerability of indigenous children to trafficking and sexual exploitation

Visit to Paraguay , E/CN.4/2005/78/Add.1 . Paras 37 and 126

  • Discrimination and social deprivation of indigenous population. Para 37; 126
  • Intimidation of indigenous communities by landowners. Para 37
  • Impact of the increase in the cultivation of large plantations and crops, including soya, and of the widespread use of pesticides by landowners, on indigenous people’s ancestral lands and their health. Para 37

Special Rapporteur on the right to education

Low level of literacy among indigenous girls

Violations of the human rights of indigenous girls (racial violence, forced pregnancies, sexual assault and forced sterilization

Indigenous populations’ right to education

Lack of full recognition of indigenous status of some groups

Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances

Disappearances of indigenous human rights defenders

Need to recognize the special needs of indigenous people

Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary or arbitrary executions

Worrying situation of indigenous group in Latin America

Independent Expert on the question of human rights and extreme poverty

Need to involve community leaders and women in programs of poverty reduction addressed to indigenous populations

Special Rapporteur on the right to food

The right to food of indigenous peoples. A/60/350

  • Disproportionately higher level of hunger and malnutrition among the non-indigenous population. Paras 17-22
  • The lack of recognition of rights to land and resources. Para 23
  • Appropriation of resources-intellectual property rights. Para 24
  • Negative impacts of inappropriate development. Paras 25, 32-34; 41; 53; 55
  • Lack of access to justice. Para 26
  • Weakness of the international framework for the protection of the rights of indigenous peoples and the lack of access to justice to enforce their right to food. Paras 27-30

Visit to Guatemala E/CN.4/2005/64/Add.3

  • Poverty of indigenous populations. Paras 4; 5
  • Hunger and food insecurity of indigenous populations. Paras 6, 8; 9; 11; 55
  • Insecurity for land tenure of indigenous groups. Paras 15; 37; 38; 49
  • Lack of labour rights. Para 17
  • Racial discrimination against indigenous peoples. Paras 18; 53; 54
  • Inadequacy of the national legal framework on several important issues related to the rights of indigenous peoples. Paras 24; 27; 28; 39
  • Difficulties in access to justice for indigenous peoples. Para 30
  • Denial of prior, informed consent on development policies and exploitation of indigenous lands for mining concessions and exclusionary development. Para 43
  • Lack of access to adequate food, water, health and education. Para 49
  • Repression of peaceful protest of indigenous peoples. Para 51

Special Rapporteur on the right of everyone to the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health

Increasing suicide rates and overrepresentation of indigenous peoples in high-security mental health facilities

Inaccessibility of health services for indigenous peoples

Need to ensure that “health care and support services for indigenous peoples are culturally acceptable for indigenous peoples

Visit to Peru, E/CN.4/2005/51/Add.3. Paras 18; 52; 74; 79; 80-81

  • Inferior access to health care. Paras 18; 79; 74; 81
  • Environmental health problems. Paras 52 ; 79
  • Racial discrimination against indigenous peoples. Para 80
  • Need for culturally appropriate health care. Paras 80-81
  • Threat to traditional knowledge of indigenous peoples. Para 81

Special Representative of the Secretary-General on the situation of human rights defenders

Inclusion of leaders of indigenous communities within the mandate of the Special Rapporteur

Human rights defenders disproportionately targeted in relation to their work on indigenous and land rights in Latin America

Special Rapporteur on independence of judges ands lawyers

Denial of access to justice for indigenous peoples on an equal footing with the rest of the population

Visit to Brazil, E/CN.4/2005/60/Add.3

  • Discrimination against or further victimization of indigenous peoples within the judicial system. Paras 24; 34
  • Threats against Judges, lawyers and defence attorneys involved in the protection of indigenous peoples. Paras 36; 99; 106
  • Inadequate representation of indigenous women in judicial top position ( Paras 62; 98;108

Representative of the Secretary-General on the human rights of internally displaced persons

Vulnerability of indigenous peoples to displacement

Difficulties met by indigenous peoples in reclaiming their lands after displacement

Special Rapporteur on contemporary forms of racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance

Visit to Guatemala , E/CN.4/2005/18/Add.2, Paras 29-46

  • Institutional framework protecting the rights indigenous peoples. Para 20; 21; 22
  • Inadequate linguistic policy. Para 25
  • Marginalization of the traditional cultural and spiritual values and practices of indigenous peoples. Paras 28; 42
  • Discrimination against indigenous peoples in several areas of national life. Paras 30; 40;41-42; 47
  • Impunity for numerous cases of violations of the human rights of indigenous peoples. Para 32
  • Problems over land. Para 34
  • Marginal involvement of representatives of those communities in power structures – the government, parliament and the judiciary - as well as insignificant presence of indigenous peoples in decision-making positions in the media. Paras 35; 36
  • Insufficient integration of indigenous customary law within the judicial process. Para 37
  • Correlation between poverty-stricken areas and areas inhabited by communities of indigenous people. Paras 38, 39
  • Situation of indigenous children and women. Paras 43-46
  • Recommendations of the Special Rapporteur relating to indigenous peoples : Paras 47; 47 a; 47b; 47d; 47e; 47h; 49

Visit to Honduras, E/CN.4/2005/18/Add.5

  • Concerns relating to protection of land rights of indigenous peoples. Paras 15-22
  • Precarious situation of the indigenous peoples : limited access to education and health
  • Services and to decent housing. Para 16
  • High rates of malnutrition and mortality among indigenous children. Para 22
  • Need for bilingual education for each indigenous community, and inadequacy of the education facilities in their regions. Para 28
  • Racial discrimination against indigenous peoples. Para 29-30

Visit to Nicaragua, E/CN.4/2005/18/Add.6

  • Concerns relating to protection of land rights of indigenous peoples. Paras 17; 24 b
  • Concerns relating to lack of bilingual intercultural education programme. Para 20
  • Racial discrimination. Paras 23-24;27

Visit to Brazil, E/CN.4/2006/16/Add.3

  • Social marginalization (lack of basic services were lacking in Indian communities)and economic deprivation of indigenous peoples and the persistent structural and systemic racism and racial discrimination. Paras 51; 54; 55
  • Problems relating to land rights. Para 52
  • The lack of appropriate education. Para 56
  • Persecution of Indigenous peoples by public authorities and the lack of impartiality from the judiciary. Paras 53, 54 and 58
  • Over-exploitation of indigenous heritage and culture for tourism without meaningful social and economic benefits. Para 66
  • Recommendations relating to indigenous populations. Paras 81; 82; 86; 87

Visit to Japan, E/CN.4/2006/16/Add.2

  • Situation of the Ainu. Paras 26; 43-50; 85

Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of human rights while countering terrorism

Use of terrorism definitions to outlaw indigenous movements that have never resorted to violence against persons

Special Rapporteur on the adverse effects of the illicit movement and dumping of toxic and dangerous products and wastes on the enjoyment of human rights

Threat against the health of the indigenous and peasant communities because of the activities of transnational corporations

Special Representative of the Secretary-General on human rights and transnational corporations and other business enterprises

Abuses against indigenous people perpetrated by extractive sector -oil, gas and mining

Special Rapporteur on violence against women, its causes and consequences

Custom and tradition and minority or indigenous cultural values used by the judicial system to excuse acts of violence against women and girls

Visit to Mexico, E/CN.4/2006/61/Add.4

  • Marginalization of indigenous women. Paras 31-32
  • Disproportionately high level of physical and sexual violence within their communities and impunity. Paras 32-33
  • Insufficient protection offered by the State justice system to indigenous women. Paras 26; 36-37
  • Indigenous women’s economic dependency. Para 34

Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression

Visit to Colombia . E/CN.4/2005/64/Add.3

  • Indigenous peoples amongst the preferred targets of paramilitaries because of the exploitation of oil and coal exploitation in their lands. Para 18
  • Right to freedom of opinion and expressionseverely hampered. Para 7
  • Extrajudicial executions, massacres, death threats, enforced disappearances, enforced displacements and recruitments, threatening the very existence of the Indigenous - and especially their leaders - as ethnic groups and their cultural survival. Para 68
  • Lack access of indigenous peoples to the media, especially television. Para 71

Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Human Rights in Cambodia

Land confiscation and land alienation.

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